Jason Collins on Sunday became the first openly gay athlete to play in a major U.S. sport. In the 1970s, coming out was never an option for Dodgers outfielder Glenn Burke.
Originally published in the October 1982 issue of Inside Sports.
The game is over and the baseball player sits in the hotel lobby, his eyes fixed on nothing. He thinks his secret is safe but he is never quite sure, so at midnight in the lobby it is always best to avoid the other eyes. He neither hears the jokes nor notices that a few teammates are starting to wear towels around their waists in the locker room. He does not want to hear or see or know, and neither do they.
The baseball player waits until the lobby empties of teammates and coaches. Some are in the bar, some out on the town, some in their rooms. Some, of course, have found women. He walks briskly out the door toward the taxicab, never turning his head to look back. He mutters an address to the driver and has one foot in the cab. ...
"Hey, where you going, man? You said you were staying in tonight."
The baseball player feels his lie running up the back of his neck. "Changed my mind."
"Can I come with you? I got nothing going tonight."
The baseball player pauses. "You don't want to go where I'm going," he says at last. He is leaving a crack there, in case this teammate knows the secret and really would like to go with him.
"Okay—have it your way."
The baseball player is in the back seat, the door slams, his heart slams, the cab is pulling away. Fifteen minutes later it stops a block from the place the passenger actually intends to go. He pays the driver. Did the driver look at him sort of funny?
The baseball player steps out and walks back a block, his face turned 90 degrees to his left shoulder, away from the traffic, just in case. What if he meets someone he knows there tonight? There was the ballplayer's brother the one night and the son of.a major league manager another. Man, they have to know, don't they? And if he is recognized tonight, should he pretend he is someone else?
Suddenly he is pulling open the door and the men inside smile and the music swallows him and for a few hours in the bar the baseball player does not feel so alone.
At age 22, Glenn Burke was a sexual blank. He grew up attending church six times a week. singing in two choirs and serving as an usher. He bathed two or three times a day and still he never felt clean. He grew up with no father. He grew up with no sex.
He diverted the tension into sports, and there was the scent of animal energy in the way he ran a fastbreak, the way he circled the bases, the way he flogged a line drive. Once, he hit three home runs and two singles in one game, just two days after joining the Merritt College team in midseason. He was 5-11, 193 pounds, he could run 100 yards in 9.7 seconds and bench-press 350 pounds. UCLA and Nevada and Cal all wanted to get him on a basketball court; the Los Angeles Dodgers wanted him to play baseball.
He took the $5,000 Dodger signing bonus and after three seasons as an outfielder in the minors, his combined average was .303. Three times he led his league in stolen bases.
Still there was a need for more. When NCAA eligibility rules were relaxed, he agreed to play basketball at Nevada in the offseason. He averaged 16 points in six games and then twisted a knee spinning for a layup. The Dodgers said No More and Glenn Burke came home. The void was becoming difficult to ignore. At last, the lidded tension burst.
His younger sister told him that a high school teacher of his had asked how he was doing. Something inside him went click. The man had been one of Burke's favorite teachers, so Burke went over to school to see him. He was feeling loose, open. Maybe it was the basketball thing coming to an end, suddenly seeing life as more than just sports.
"The minute he spoke, l knew. I know it sounds a little crazy. Here I was, 22, no sexual experience, nothing. Yet I felt something I'd never felt before, something deep. We went to his place. Funny, he must have known me better than I knew myself. We didn't say much. He fixed dinner and afterwards we lay by the fire and got close. I stayed the night. When I got home the next day, I went into the bathroom and cried. This was who I was, the whole me at last."
He was happy, and yet he felt he was sneaking. He felt guilty. He knew he never would be accepted in sports. In a profession in which every contest, every movement, every attitude seemed a reassertion of virility, Glenn Burke realized he was gay.
The most famous gay community in the world is a 75-cent bridge toll and a 20-minute freeway ride away from the streets of Oakland where Glenn Burke grew up. In his sexual naiveté, he had never known that. He had never known there were bars and entire neighborhoods for homosexuals.
A week after his first experience, he and some friends went to a straight bar in San Francisco. One of the friends pointed to a girl. "Look at that fox. " he said. "Look at her boyfriend." Burke thought. They went over to talk and asked if the couple knew a place where they could go dancing. "Try the Cabaret." the girl said, "but watch out—gays go there, too." A place for gays? Burke went there and couldn't believe it.
It was a new world and he explored it enthusiastically. He walked Castro Street in San Francisco and felt pulled in two directions. Sports had taught him to keep the fists up and the soft side down and the pants tailor-made and the shirt silk and the walk a powerful strut. This new world was Levi's, and Docksides shoes and Lacoste shirts and handkerchiefs. He wondered if he could be masculine and gay, a baseball player and gay, Glenn Burke and gay.
A few weeks later, he met a man in a bar and the next day he was hanging his clothes in the closet of his first live-in lover. A few more weeks passed and it was time for spring training, time to try to begin living the great untruth.
The trouble with going underground was Burke's personality. He was the guy doing Richard Pryor imitations, the guy leading bench cheers, the guy fiddling with the music box and dancing in the locker room. After games, the guys all wanted to take the party from the locker room to the disco. Burke, the life of the team, started saying no. To explain why not, he had to tame the nervousness in his voice and the muscle formations of his face. These were difficult things for an extrovert to do.
Double A in Waterbury, Connecticut, 1975, was not a good place for a metamorphosis. His friends wanted to share an apartment with him and he groped for an appropriate reason to say no. He ended up rooming at the local YMCA, so they would stop asking. There was one gay bar, but a black man in a small New England town can feel the eyeballs everywhere he walks. He tried not to go, and went anyway. Sometimes in the bar he would be asked if he had been at the game that night. The team's leading basestealer and home-run hitter would shake his head no. One night he glimpsed a member of the club's front office at the bar. He walked past him and out the door and prayed the man would be too frightened to admit having been there to see him. On the long road trips, he could feel the wall of space he had created between himself and his friends.
He hit .270 and when the season ended, he headed back to San Francisco. "It was great being back, being myself," he said. "Straight people cannot know what it's like to feel one way and pretend to be another. To watch what you say, how you act, who you're checking out. In San Francisco I opened up again. But I still wasn't sure if I could be gay without being a sissy."
In 1976 the Dodgers summoned him up to play the first and last months of the season. In between, he hit .300 with 63 stolen bases at Albuquerque, but in the major leagues he struggled with the curveball and batted .239 in 46 at-bats. The Dodgers still saw enough to congratulate themselves.
"Unlimited potential," said second baseman Davey Lopes.
"Once we get him cooled down a little bit," said the late Junior Gilliam, then Dodger coach, "frankly, we think he's going to be another Willie Mays."
The stakes were growing higher now. It was easier to lose himself in the big cities on major league road trips, but in Los Angeles he was becoming a face on sports pages and a name on the radio. He wanted success, yet he feared it. Half of him wanted to hit .300 and become a superstar and a commodity and then if the secret leaked maybe he could tell them all to go to hell, and half of him said maybe a nice, inconspicuous number like .250 would be better because then he could guard his privacy and they might not find out at all.
He met Dave Kopay, the former 49er and Redskin running back whose book on his homosexuality had become a bestseller. The two compared anguish. "He was very nervous about who and what he was," remembers Kopay. "I had compensated for my gayness by going from a player who did not like contact in college to being a super-aggressive player in the pros, as a disguise. It's common among gay athletes, overcompensating for one's sexuality. Glenn might have been doing the same thing, but it doesn't work in baseball. There, you have to be relaxed, not overaggressive. I couldn't really advise him, except to tell him to follow his instincts.
"There is really no one to talk to in sports when you are gay. Who can you really trust? There are so many insecurities, it's tragic. Almost all of them that I know in sports are married and have deep problems. Many of them are heavily into alcohol and drugs."
Burke played on, refusing the ruse of an occasional girlfriend. He caught hepatitis playing winter ball in Mexico and missed most of spring training in 1977. The Dodgers sent him to Albuquerque to open the season and he hit .309. He learned that the Dodgers were recalling him, and that night in his last Albuquerque game, with two outs, runners on first and third with a one-run lead in the ninth inning, he backpedaled to the warning track for a fly ball, switched his glove from his left hand to his right—and squeezed the last out. If there was a metaphor there, the manager was in no mood to admire it. Jim Williams waited for him on the dugout steps, glaring. "If you ever do that again ..."
"I'm leaving, skip," chirped Burke. "Now you'll have something to talk about when I'm gone."
He was irrepressible. He bought his first car and celebrated by having his astrological sign, Scorpio, tattooed on his forearm. Within a few months he was stomping into Tommy Lasorda's office, amidst the Hollywood stars who gathered there before games, fixing himself a sandwich from the deli tray and shouting, "Hi, Tommy!" He was not a model bench-sitter. He prowled the dugout with a caged hyperactivity, and when a teammate belted a home run he would tweak Lasorda by butting in front of him to be first to hug the returning hero. He would walk back to the dugout imitating Lasorda's big-bellied, bowlegged gait and his teammates would howl.
One day in 1977, a teammate homered and in the heat of his enthusiasm Burke extended his arm and invented a sports ritual. He delivered the first high-five. "Most people think I started it," said leftfielder Dusty Baker. "But it wasn't me. I saw Glenn doing it first, and then I started."
On a team preoccupied with presenting the clean-shaven, Dodger-blue front, the street kid from Oakland became one of the behind-the-scenes catalysts. "He always had the music blasting and was saying something silly to keep the team laughing," said Baker. "He'd be playing cards and all of a sudden you would hear this loud voice scream, 'Rack 'em, Hoss, the poor boy's just lost!' and then there'd be that crazy laugh of his again."
Burke made them laugh and he made them squirm. In an argument he would swing first and negotiate later. A fastball in a teammate's ear would bring him out of the dugout first. Everybody wanted to keep "Burkey" giggling because when his eyes clouded you could suddenly sense the violence. He wanted that machismo right out there on his skin; it made him feel safer.
"I was like Lou Ferrigno, who kept wanting to get bigger and badder than anybody because he had a speech impediment," Burke said. "I had 17-inch biceps and I made sure everybody knew I wasn't afraid to use them. I wanted to establish that if you found out I was gay, you might not want to start hassling me about it, because I could still kick your ass."
The Dodgers. meanwhile, were in a pennant chase and the double life was becoming more difficult to lead. He was handsome and personable and there was a glut of girls who wanted to walk into a disco next to him. Some nights they grew so insistent he would tell the switchboard operator to reject all calls to his room. He'd go out with girls occasionally, but it would never involve sex. He didn't want to mislead them.
His teammates noticed. In baseball, even married men can be made to feel isolated if they do not join the woman-hunt on the road. "There is a tendency," said A's pitcher Matt Keough, "to achieve the success off the field that you are not achieving on it."
"I had a really cute cousin that I tried to set up with Glenn," Baker said. "He just ignored her. He'd say, 'Too fat, too ugly.' I'd say, 'Wait a minute. I know that one ain't ugly.'"
Without Burke realizing it, word began to seep. "I was eating at a restaurant when someone told me," remembered Lopes, then a teammate on the Dodgers. "I think some girl from his neighborhood in Oakland had told someone on the team. My fork dropped out of my mouth. He was one of the last guys you would have thought was gay. I still liked him. I don't know how other ballplayers feel, but I believe a man has a right to choose any lifestyle as long as it doesn't infringe on others. It never infringed with Glenn."
"The guys didn't want to believe it," Baker said. "He was built like King Kong. There was no femininity in his voice or his walk. But it all made sense when I thought about it. When we'd go on the road he always went to the YMCA to work out. And he'd never let us take him home. He'd say he had a friend coming later to pick him up and he'd wait at the far end of the parking lot.
"I just made the situation invisible, but some guys began to make jokes. Stuff like, 'Is Glenn waiting in the parking lot for his girlfriend?' and 'Don't bend over in the shower when he's around.' I know a couple of guys felt uncomfortable in the shower. A few wore towels on their way back and forth in the locker room.
"If you had a team made up of guys from California and New York, I don't think it would bother them as much as guys from the country and small towns. I'm from California and I can get along with priests, prostitutes, pimps and pushers, as long as they don't try to push nothing on me."
Burke didn't push it, as much out of respect as fear of detection. "I was attracted occasionally by other players," he said. "but didn't mix business with pleasure. I respected their space. Besides, I always preferred more mature men."
He was a simple man leading a complicated life. and slowly the strain began to break him. He kept one eye on the door when he went in gay bars. He worried about getting in a fight or getting caught drunk there. There were times he thought the front office had someone following him. He was afraid everybody was whispering about him.
He'd have to plan everything. He'd think, "If they see me leaving the hotel, I'll say I was going to take a walk or to get something to eat." He was always telling white lies.
Some days he'd sit in a mall and try to meet people, sometimes he would call a friend and ask him to check his directory on where the gay bars were in town. His mind was never clear. Some nights he'd come back to his room sad and smoke a little grass.
The high only interrupted the fears. The Dodgers did a lot of hugging and Burke always worried that they had found out about him and would think he was making a pass. He worried constantly about being blackmailed. The only reason he wasn't, he believed, was that he had gay friends who warned anybody who started to talk too much. He saw a palm reader and she said that he had something inside him that he should let out, or he might have a heart attack in two or three years.
He couldn't sort it all out. "I couldn't understand why people said gays were sick. I wasn't some dizzy queen out trying to make everybody all the time. The bottom line was, I was a man."
There were the good memories mixed with the miseries. There was the night Baker became the fourth Dodger to hit 30 home runs in one season, a major league record, and Burke, the on-deck batter met him at the plate with a walloping high-five as the people stood and roared, and then before they even had a chance to sit Burke was driving another white speck into the blackness and the festival in the stands went on and on.
He finished the 1977 season hitting .254 in 169 at-bats, the Dodgers made the World Series and his face was on TV screens across the country. He went 1-for-5 in the three game he played packed after the Yankees had won and headed back for Castro Street. He walked into a gay bar the first night there and was greeted by a party celebrating his World Series appearance.
"I walked out," Burke said. "They weren't my friends there, they were mostly people just making a big deal because I was a gay baseball player."
His insecurity ran rampant. In one world he feared they would not like him only because he was gay, and in the other he feared they did like him only because he was gay. For the first time since he had picked up a baseball bat, Glenn Burke considered quitting.
"By 1978," said Davey Lopes, "I think everybody knew."
They knew the way parents know their 16-year-old is drinking beer but don't say anything until the bottles are rolling across the floor of the family car. As long as Burke's homosexuality was not official, no one felt compelled to react.
"Then Al Campanis [Dodger vice-president] called me into his office " Burke recalled. "I really liked Al, he was always very nice to me. The whole organization was, for the most part. But Al said. 'Everybody on the team is married but you, Glenn. When players get married on the Dodgers, we help them out financially. We can help you so you can go out and have a real nice honeymoon.'
"l said, 'Al, I don't think I'll be getting married no time soon.'"
The Dodgers, in the words of Junior Gilliam, could not "cool him down." He burned for more playing time and when he did not get it, he did not keep it to himself. "They couldn't con me," he said. "Lasorda would bark an order and I was supposed to jump like some little kid, grateful for the attention. It bothered him too that I was popular with the guys on the team. Once he got ticked off at some laugh I'd gotten and he said, 'Burke, if I was your age, I'd take you in the bathroom right now and kick your ass.' At first I thought he was kidding, then I realized he wasn't. I think he was trying to get me to explode.
"With one out in the ninth, he'd pull Rick Monday and trot me out to the outfield for the last two outs. I'd stand there waiting for the game to end. Then I'd trot back to the dugout where all the guys are supposed to tell you how great you played. Only I hadn't, and I'd feel like a fool.
"One night I was really ticked and I stared a hole through Lasorda. He took me in the locker room and, in front of Junior Gilliam and Preston Gomez, cussed me to filth. Every other word in his vocabulary was 'mother.' It hurt. Deeply. I didn't really dislike the man, it was just the situation. We probably should have gotten along—we're both hardheaded."
On May 16, 1978, with Glenn Burke in centerfield as the last out was recorded, Vin Scully announced that Burke had been traded to the Oakland A's for Bill North. North had led the American League twice in stolen bases, the last time in 1976, and now he was 30 and his average had dropped 64 points in those two years.
"Lasorda told me, 'We're tired of you walking back and forth in the dugout like a mad tiger in a cage. We're sending you to Oakland, where you can play more.' He was nice about it but he was detached. It was as if they couldn't wait for me to leave, but they were being careful so there wouldn't be a scene. I walked out of his office and the whole locker room was dead. Steve Garvey and Don Sutton, two of my best friends on the team, had tears in their eyes. Garvey and me had always gotten along great. He taught me how to tie a tie, he gave me hats and T-shirts, he sat next to me on the team plane and he made me promise to play for him if he ever had a football team.
"Leaving those guys, I was in shock. Players don't come and go on the Dodgers the way they do on other clubs."
Lopes remembers picking up the newspaper the next day and reading a quote from a scout. "I believe it was an American League scout at the Angel game in Anaheim that night," Lopes said. "The guy said, 'Wait until the A's find out what they really got in Glenn Burke.'"
The locker room was still silent the next day, and Lopes' reaction was quoted in the Los Angeles Herald Examiner. "I knew something was missing when I came in today. It will probably remain like this until somebody comes along with a personality like Glenn's. And I don't think that's going to happen. I've heard a lot of adverse things about him from people, but they didn't know him. He was the life of the team, on the bases, in the clubhouse, everywhere. All of us will miss him."
One Dodger angrily went to the front office and demanded an explanation. Dusty Baker didn't need to go that far. "I was talking with our trainer, Bill Buhler. I said, 'Bill, why'd they trade Glenn? He was one of our top prospects. ' He said, 'They don't want any gays on the team.' I said, 'The organization knows?' He said, 'Everybody knows."
Burke sprayed three hits the first night with the A's, and then felt himself becoming absorbed by the damp misery of Charlie Finley's last years in baseball. The Dodgers had not played him as much as he felt he deserved, but the organization had always gone first class. The A's in the late 1970s were a dead thing looking for a box to lie still in. Finley was cutting expenses and players, lopping off fans with them. A man with peace of mind could play on. Glenn Burke could not. In the hush of a baseball stadium with 3,000 people, he could hear a voice urging him to leave and stop living a lie.
Four years of life as a sexual fugitive had passed and his self-esteem was fraying. By now his family had pieced the evidence together and guessed. They still accepted him, removing one weight from his mind, but the weight at the stadium showed no sign of relenting. One day he was playing centerfield in Comiskey Park, and a fan called him a faggot. His first thought was "Damn, if they know, everybody else must know." They probably said it to lots of outfielders, but he didn't think that then. He went to the dugout at the end of the inning and got a felt-tip pen from the trainer. Next inning he went back out and stuck a piece of paper in the back of his pants. It said, "Screw you."
He finished the 1978 season hitting .235. Early in the 1979 season, he was sitting in the A's clubhouse, chatting with outfielder Mitchell Page, a good friend. "Suddenly he got quiet," Burke said. "He said this scout from Pittsburgh—he came up in the Pirate system. and they were interested in me—had come right out and asked him if I was bisexual. Bisexual. Me, who'd never been with a woman. They couldn't say gay, I guess. It was tough on Mitchell, talking to me like this. I didn't say much and he ended up telling the scout, 'Glenn Burke's sex life is Glenn Burke's business. And if it's any of your business, he's my friend and I'd go anywhere with him.'
"But at that moment, when Mitchell told me, everything stopped. If some joker in Pittsburgh knew, so did a few others. I realized it had all come to an end. They'd stripped me of my inner-most thoughts."
Page remembered it as a writer from Oakland who had asked him (Burke still insists it was a scout from Pittsburgh). "The guy told me the word was out," Page said, "and that he didn't know if Glenn would be here next season. I felt I should let Glenn know instead of talking behind his back like the other players were. The guys on the A's never bothered him about it because of the way he handled it. Besides, they were afraid to say anything to his face.
"I liked Glenn, but if I'd seen him walking around making it obvious, I wouldn't have had anything to do with him. I don't want to be labeled and have my career damaged. You make sure you point out that I'm not gay, okay?"
"I roomed with him," said A's pitcher Mike Norris. "Sure, I was worried at first. You came back to your hotel room at midnight, sat around and listened to music, and you wondered if he'd make a move. After awhile you realized he wouldn't, and it wasn't a big problem. Guys would watch out for him but it wasn't a completely uncomfortable feeling. If it had been out in the open, though, there would have been all kinds of problems. We're all macho, we're all men. Just make sure you put in there that I ain't gay, man."
The walls were beginning to close in. A gay friend, eager to advance the homosexual movement, kept insisting that Burke come out of the closet and tried to arrange a luncheon appointment with San Francisco Chronicle columnist Herb Caen. Burke refused to attend, but Caen wrote that there was a rumor out that a local professional ballplayer could be found on Castro Street.
Midway through the 1979 season, Finley learned that Burke was refusing to take a cortisone shot for a pinched neck nerve. "I feel an injury should heal on its own," Burke said. "Once you take the first shot, you take another and another. Charlie came to talk to me on the field before a game. I said no. They sat me for two weeks. Finally, I told them I needed a voluntary retirement and walked out. The whole operation was minor league, with Finley calling the dugout making lineup changes. I probably wouldn't have left if there hadn't been the other problem, the gay thing, but put it all together and it was too much."
It was not that simple to walk away. Baseball had often tortured him, but it still owned a part of him. He returned next spring, attracted by the idea of playing for new manager Billy Martin.
Burke ripped knee cartilage that spring and was sidelined a month. The A's requested he return to the minor leagues, in Ogden, Utah, and Burke reluctantly agreed. To avoid the small-town stares, he drove 56 miles round-trip so he could live in Salt Lake City. He stopped now, and mulled the absurdity of his life. He was 27, getting no closer to the superstar role he knew he must have to declare his homosexuality and knowing that even if he did achieve it, he would likely be afraid to. He was still dodging management, lying to teammates, and now even ducking Mormons, too. Quietly, with the sports world focused on more important things, Glenn Burke quit baseball for good.
"I had finally gotten to the point," he said, "where it was more important to be myself than a baseball player."
Sunshine and shade share the seats in Dodger Stadium and the steady crack of batting practice echoes off the empty concrete. The game is still three hours away. Tommy Lasorda, chipper on this first evening back from the All-Star break, stands in foul territory watching his players re-tune their rhythm at the plate.
A visitor informs him that Glenn Burke is openly discussing his homosexuality. Lasorda's eyes narrow. "He's admitting it?" he says. "I have no comment."
Did he know Burke was gay when he played here? Did it have a bearing on the trade? "I didn't make that trade," Lasorda says. "Go talk to the man who made it. I have no more comment."
The man who made it is just arriving in his office from a trip to assess minor league talent in Hawaii. Al Campanis stands over his desk, looking down at the stack of message slips that has gathered during his absence. He is asked if everybody knew, as Lopes has said, and his eyes stay on his desk, until the length of the silence suggests he is waiting for the subject to crawl out of the room. It does not.
"Quote Davey Lopes then," he says.
He is pressed on the subject. Long pause. "We traded him because of other situations," he says. "We didn't trade him for that. He wasn't hitting enough, and things of that nature. We didn't even know ... "
An organization as sharp as the Dodgers did not know? "We thought some things were odd," he allows. "But we didn't know. We never saw him with a girl, and when we called his home number a man usually answered. The man said he was his carpenter. But you hear a lot of rumors about players, and just because you see these things, that doesn't mean a guy's a fairy, or gay.
"We're not a watchdog organization, and we're not like an ostrich with our head in the sand. But he was not traded on suspicion. He was traded because we needed a lefthanded hitter in the outfield. One we thought would help us win the pennant. Glenn had problems with the curveball and his attitude was argumentative, but I always liked him. Sure, some people got mad about the trade; one player came to me all worked up, but were they right? Glenn didn't do anything after he left here, did he?"
And what of the offer of financial help if Burke had married?
"That dates way back," he says. "The Dodgers have traditionally liked our players to be married. The player has a wife, children, he gets more serious and settles down. We like our young men to have some responsibilities."
He is reminded that Dodger rightfielder Pedro Guerrero was married in October, 1980, and received no bonus. Campanis bristles.
"A completely different situation," he says. "Pedro had an agent, he was settled, he was like my son. We treat situations differently. You have to, in this position. The thing with Glenn Burke wasn't a bribe. It was a helpful gesture. "
The baseball player swings and meets the ball just beyond the sweet inches of the bat and still he sends the rightfielder staggering up the hill in front of the wire-mesh fence. The ball clears the fence and the baseball player circles the bases with a home plate-sized grin. All his teammates spring from the bench, forming a line to congratulate him.
A few months away from his 30th birthday, Glenn Burke is one of the stars of the Gay Softball League.
There are perhaps 50 people watching from wooden seats that cry for a carpenter. The atmosphere is carefree. A woman in her 50s lifts her blouse to reveal her "Pendulum Pirates" T-shirt and yells, "Take this!" The fans take it, without looking twice.
Burke goes 4-for-4 but bobbles a grounder in the third inning. Disgusted, he straddles the ball with both feet and jumps, launching it up to his hand. The opposing team's fans taunt him good-naturedly. "Queeeeeen!" they shout in chorus.
Burke's team, the Pirates, remains undefeated with a 16-4 victory over On The Mark. The Pirates gather in a huddle at the end and chant, "Two-four-six-eight, who do we appreciate'! On The Mark! On The Mark!" On The Mark reciprocates, and both teams stream to their cars for the postgame ritual. The first hour after the game is always spent at the sponsoring bar of the losing team and then all move on to the winner's bar for the rest of the afternoon.
At Stables, the bar that sponsors On The Mark, Burke walks out to the sunshine of the patio, where there is enough quiet to reflect. "People say I should still be playing," he says. "But I didn't want to make other people uncomfortable, so I faded away. My teammates' wives might have been threatened by a gay man in the locker room. I could have been a superstar but I was too worried about protecting everybody else from knowing. If I thought I could be accepted, I'd be there now. It is the first thing in my life I ever backed down from. No, I'm not disappointed in myself, I'm disappointed in the system. Your sex should be private, and I always kept it that way. Deep inside, I know the Dodgers traded me because I was gay.
"It's harder to be a gay in sports than anywhere else, except maybe president. Baseball is probably the hardest sport of all. Every man in America wants his son to be a baseball player. The first thing every father buy for his son is a ball and glove. It's all-American. Only a superstar could come out and admit he was gay and hope to stay around, and still the fans probably would call the stadium and say they weren't going to bring their kids. Instead of understanding, they blackball you.
"Sure, there are other gays in baseball, the same per cent as there are in society. Word travels fast in baseball. Guys come home from road trips and tell their wives and they tell other players' wives. As soon as a player comes to bat, you'll hear a biography of him in the dugout. I've never heard anybody verbally get on a player from the bench about being gay, though."
He does not want to name names. The relationships, he says, are never between two baseball players. That would be too dangerous.
"There are even more gays in football," he says. "In football they are like a family, there is so much closeness down there in the trenches, and they can really get off on the body chemistry. But most of the gays I know of in sports fake it. They go out with girls and they get married, so their careers won't get ruined. They suffer even more than I did."
Glenn Burke still searches for himself. He plays in five softball leagues and has not worked regularly since leaving baseball. He hopes to finish his college education and become a high school basketball coach, and he hopes that speaking out on the issue will begin to chip at the barriers that marooned him between two cultures. He participates in BWMT (Black and White Men Together), a group fighting racial discrimination within the gay community. "I feel like a representative of the community," he says. "If I can make friends honestly, it may be a step toward gays and straight people understanding each other. Maybe they'll say, 'He's all right, there's got to be a few more all right.' Maybe it will begin to make it easier for other young gays to go into sports."
As he talks, muscles move on both sides of his forehead, and one can sense that half of his energies still seethe in a person just beneath the skin. It may be a different half there now, but it is still a half.
"Sure, I miss baseball," he says, "but I wouldn't change a thing. It's been a test and it has made me mentally stronger."
It has created a hollowness and a happiness and an image that lingers, of Glenn Burke walking a gauntlet of high-fives after his home run over the wire-mesh fence and laughing that crazy laugh once again. There might have been more, there might have been cash and fame, but there is none of this now.
There is instead the legacy of two men's hands touching, high above their heads.
At the time of this story's publication, Michael J. Smith was the editor of BWMT Quarterly. Glenn Burke died in 1995 of complications from AIDS. He was 42.